A data orchestrator is a software platform that helps automate, monitor, and manage ETL (extract, transform, load) processes and data pipelines orchestrating the flow of data between databases, warehouses, lakes and other systems.
Data orchestrators provide centralized data integration by coordinating tasks and data across disparate sources, pipelines, formats and systems. Examples include Apache Airflow, Kubeflow Pipelines, Azure Data Factory. Data orchestrators are commonly used with data warehouses and data processing engines.
A data orchestrator enables defining data pipelines as reusable templates that can be automatically executed on schedules or triggers. It handles workflow orchestration, scheduling, monitoring, and managing pipelines.
The orchestrator tracks metadata and lineage, provides APIs to monitor pipeline health, leverages scaling and fault tolerance capabilities of underlying data processing engines. It simplifies building robust data integration workflows.
Data orchestrators streamline building resilient, reusable data pipelines for use cases like data ingestion, ETL, machine learning, streaming analytics.
They help structure workflows from disparate data sources and processing systems into reliable data pipelines. This powers key applications spanning business analytics, data science, IoT, marketing and more across industries.
While data processing engines focus on data transformations, orchestrators enable coordinating pipelines across systems and handle workflow orchestration, scheduling, monitoring.
Data orchestrators help streamline building managed data pipelines, ideal for:
Some widely used pipeline orchestration frameworks:
However, data orchestrators also come with complexities around monitoring, reuse, and DevOps:
A data warehouse is a centralized data management system designed to enable business reporting, analytics, and data insights.Read more ->
A data lake is a scalable data repository that stores vast amounts of raw data in its native formats until needed.Read more ->
A data processing engine is a distributed software system designed for high-performance data transformation, analytics, and machine learning workloads on large volumes of data.Read more ->
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